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Toxic Plant Information for Pets

By Jodi Bay

Toxic Plant Information for Pets

Emergency Contact Information

  • Your Veterinarian
  • ASPCA Poison Hotline (Fee applied)
    • 1-888-426-4435
    • http://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control

Top 12 Toxic Plants to Pets


Plant

Photo

Symptoms / Damage

1. Lilies (Lilium, all spp.)

First symptoms appear in a few hours and may include appetite suppression, lethargy, vomiting.  Complete kidney failure in 36-72 hours. Cats are especially susceptible.


2. Lily of the Valley
(Convallaria majalis)

Cardiac dysrhythmias, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, weakness, and even death.


3. Anemone (Anenome and Pulsatilla, family Ranunculaceae)

Irritating to the mucus membranes, and can cause blisters, hemorrhagic gastritis, shock, convulsions, and death.


4. Aloe Vera
(family Liliaceae)

Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, anorexia, tremors, change in urine color.


5. Amaryllis
(family Amaryllidaceaea, incl. Hippeastrum spp.)

Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hyper-salivation, anorexia, tremors. Cats are especially susceptible


6. Asparagus Fern
(family Liliaceae)

Allergic dermatitis, gastric upset, vomiting, diarrhea.


7. Daffodil
(Narcissus)

Vomiting, diarrhea. Large ingestion cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors, cardiac arrhythmias.


8. Philodendrons

Irritation, intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips, tongue, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing.


9. Jade Plants
(Crassula argentea)

Vomiting, depressions, ataxia, slow heart rate.


10. Chrysanthemums

Vomiting, diarrhea, hyper salivation, in-coordination, dermatitis.


11. Cyclamen
(Cyclamen persicum)

Excess salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, heart rhythm abnormalities, seizures, or even death in rare cases.


12. Cycads
(including Sago palm; cardboard palm; etc.)

Vomiting, lethargy, melena (black "tarry" feces), icterus (jaundice), increased thirst, hemorrhagic gastritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver failure, and death. 


Other Highly Toxic Plants:

  • Angel's Trumpet (Brugmansia spp.)
  • Castor bean (Ricinus communis)
  • Daphne (Daphne spp.)
  • Deathcamas & Meadow Deathcamas (Zigadenus venenosus)
  • English yew (Taxus baccata), Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
  • Jimson weed or Devil's Trumpet (many common names) (Datura spp.)
  • Nicotiana/Tobacco plants (all spp.)
  • Oleander (Nerium oleander)
  • Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum)
  • Pokeweed (Phytilacca americana)
  • Tree tobacco (Nicotiana glauca)
  • Western water hemlock (Cicuta douglasii)
  • Yew (Taxus cuspidata)

Source:

  • UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine: http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ccah/health_information/plants_pets.cfm

For More Information:

  • UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine: Pets and Toxic Plants
    http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ccah/health_information/plants_pets.cfm
  • The Humane Society: Plants Potentially Poisonous to Pets
    http://www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/pets/poisonous_plants.pdf
  • The ASPCA: Toxic and Nontoxic Plants for Animals
    http://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/toxic-and-non-toxic-plants

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